18. BROLGA’S UNCLE JACK (1959)
Brolga: large Australian bird of the crane family, sometimes known as the “native
5. Olympic games were held in Melbourne in 1956.
8. Hatter: mad as a hatter?
9. Bullocky: bullock driver
11. Madame Tussaud’s waxworks, London
12. Burke and Hare: The Burke and Hare murders (also known as the West Port murders)
were serial murders perpetrated in Edinburgh, Scotland, from November 1827 to 31
October 1828. The killings were attributed to Irish immigrants William Burke and
William Hare, who sold the corpses of their 17 victims to provide material for dissection.
13. Bit of a dag: Australian colloquialism; eccentric; dags are dried faeces dangling
from the rear of sheep
15. Golden Syrup: Invented in 1883 by Scottish businessman Abram Lyle, when he discovered
that a byproduct of the sugar cane refined at his factory in Plaistow, east London,
could be made into a delicious spread and sweetener for cooking. First sold to Lyle's
employees and local customers in wooden casks, the iconic green and gold tins that
Lyle's golden syrup is sold in today were introduced in 1885. The tin bears a picture
of the rotting carcass of a lion with a swarm of bees, and the slogan "Out of the
strong came forth sweetness". This is a reference to the story in chapter 14 of the
Book of Judges in which Samson was traveling to the land of the Philistines in search
of a wife. During the journey he killed a lion, and when he passed the same spot
on his return he noticed that a swarm of bees had formed a comb of honey in the carcass.
Samson later turned this into a riddle at a wedding: "Out of the eater came forth
meat and out of the strong came forth sweetness". (Judges 14: 14; Wikipedia)
18. Peutre: French for Pewter
Perdita: Latin for “lost one”
19. Blue Room: possibly an allusion to the blue drawing room at Chatsworth?
26. Phar Lap: champion Australian race horse.
28. Shyster: crook; con-man
30. “Pigs arse”: Australian term of derision
32. Nellie Melba: famous Australian singer
33. Sackbut: musical instrument precursor of trombone.
Psaltery: Stringed instrument of the harp or zither family. The psaltery of ancient
Greece (Epigonion) dates from at least 2800 BC when it was a harp-like instrument.
Virginal: keyboard instrument of the harpsichord family
This seems to be an allusion to Daniel 3: 10
Thou, O king, hast made a decree, that every man that shall hear the sound of the
cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, shall
fall down and worship the golden image…
34. Allegro suffiato con succhiato: Sufficiently fast with sucking? (Italian)
44. Crepe de chine: (French: “crepe of China”), light and fine plainwoven dress fabric
produced either with all-silk warp and weft or else with a silk warp and hard-spun
worsted weft. (Online Encyclopaedia Britannica)
Fagoting: embroidery in which threads are tied in bundles
46. Hunt the thimble: also known as Hide the Thimble is a party game in which all
but one partygoer leaves the room. The person remaining in the room hides a thimble,
or other small object, somewhere in the room. When everyone comes back in, they must
locate the hidden object.
Drop the hanky: Players form a circle and stand facing each other. One player is
chosen to be "it" by drawing straws or guessing a number. The child who is "it "
holds a handkerchief or a piece of cloth and begins running around the outside of
the circle. The "it" player eventually drops the hanky behind one of the others,
whereupon he will take off running as fast as he can. The child behind whom the hanky
was dropped must pick it up and run after the "it" child to try to catch him. The
"it" child's goal is to run completely around the circle and get back to the open
space before the child with the hanky does. Players watch for the child with the
hanky to catch the "it" child; if she does so, the "it" child must be "it" again,
and try once more to get a spot in the circle. The game can be played for long as
the children remain interested.
Oranges and lemons: The song is used in a children's singing game with the same name,
in which the players file, in pairs, through an arch made by two of the players (made
by having the players face each other, raise their arms over their head, and clasp
their partners' hands). The challenge comes during the final lines:
Here comes a candle to light you to bed.
Here comes a chopper to chop off your head.
(Chip chop, chip chop, the last man's dead.)
On the last word, the children forming the arch drop their arms to catch the pair
of children currently passing through, who are then "out" and must form another arch
next to the existing one. In this way, the series of arches becomes a steadily lengthening
tunnel through which each set of two players have to run faster and faster to escape
Happy families: a traditional card game played in the UK, usually with a specially
made set of picture cards, featuring illustrations of fictional families of four,
most often based on occupation types. The object of the game is to collect complete
families. The player whose turn it is asks another player for a specific card from
the same family as a card that the player already has. If the asked player has the
card, he gives it to the requester and the requester can then ask for any player
for another card. If the asked player does not have the card, it becomes his turn
and he asks another player for a specific card. Play continues in this way until
no families are separated among different players. The player with the most cards
wins The game can be adapted for use with an ordinary set of playing cards.
The game was devised by John Jaques II, who is also credited with inventing tiddlywinks,
ludo and snakes and ladders, and first published before the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Cards following Jaques's original designs, with grotesque illustrations possibly
by Sir John Tenniel (there was no official credit), are still being made.
Charades: a word guessing. In the form most played today, it is an acting game in
which one player acts out a word or phrase, often by pantomiming similar-sounding
words, and the other players guess the word or phrase. The idea is to use physical
rather than verbal language to convey the meaning to another party.
47. Swy: Australian game of “two up”, involving tossing two pennies in the air and
betting on the outcome. The game involves a small board with indentations to hold
the pennies (visible in the last frame episode 77).
54. Oyster tea gown: A tea gown or tea-gown is a woman's at-home dress of the late
19th to mid-20th centuries characterized by unstructured lines, light fabrics, and
frothy or feminine detail.
61. Zack: Australian slang for sixpence
68. Duke of Bidford: an allusion to the Duke of Bedford, who opened his stately home
Woburn Abbey with a fun fair. Other rich aristocrats of the time took similar measures
to pay death duties and to keep their grand houses and estates intact. The most notorious
was the Marquess of Bath, who installed a lion park at Longleat.
76. Bunyip: mythical Australian beast.